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Table 1 Procedures used for anorectoplasty in cases of cloaca, and the related functional outcome (bowel control)

From: Persistent cloaca: persistence of the challenge

Procedure for anorectoplastyNumber of casesVoluntary bowel controlRegular laxatives for evacuationRegular enemasLess than 3 years or lost to follow-up
Perineal ‘sagittal’ anorectoplasty186 (33.3%)3 (16.6%)3 (16.6%)6 (33.3%)
Abdomino-perineal pull-through102 (20%)2 (20%)4 (40%)
[1 caudal regression + 1 tethered cord]
2 (20%)
Laparoscopic assisted41 (25%)--1 (25%)
(poor sacrum)
2 (50%)
Total number329 (28.1%)5 (15.6%)8 (25%)10 (31.3%)