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Table 2 Characteristics of the cases of inguinal testicular ectopia

From: Ectopic testis: an experience of a tertiary-level urology center at Upper Egypt

No. Age Clinical (physical examination) criteria Surgical criteria
Anatomical side Relative high mobility Prominence of testisa Testicular size Associated anomalies Spermatic cord Inguinal locationb Relation to external ring
1 5 Left Positive Positive Average Left congenital hernia Long Superficial Exited/NA
2 6.5 Right Positive Positive Small None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
3 2 Left Positive NA Small Left ectopic kidney Adequate Superficial Exited/cephalad
4 7 Left Positive Positive Average None Adequate Superficial Exited/cephalad
5 10 Left Positive Positive Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
6 3 Right Equivocal Positive Small None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
7 3.5 Left Equivocal Positive Average Right congenital hernia Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
8 4 Left Positive Positive Average Hypospadias Adequate Superficial Exited/NA
9 5 Bilateral Positive Positive Average None Adequate Superficial Exited/NA
10 11 Left Positive NA Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
11 6 Left Positive NA Average Right congenital hernia Adequate Superficial Exited/cephalad
12 8 Left Equivocal Positive Average None Long Subcutaneous Exited/cephalad
13 2.5 Left Positive NA Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
14 3.5 Left Positive Positive Small None Adequate Superficial Exited/NA
15 5 Right Positive Positive Small Left congenital hydrocele Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
16 5.5 Right Positive Positive Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
17 4 Right Equivocal Positive Small Right congenital hernia Long Subcutaneous Exited/cephalad
18 5 Left Positive Positive Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
19 3 Left Positive Positive Average Right congenital hernia Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
20 2.5 Right Positive NA Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
21 4.5 Right Positive Positive Average None Adequate Superficial Exited/NA
22 9 Right Positive Positive Average Right congenital hernia Adequate Superficial Exited/cephalad
23 3 Right Positive Positive Average None Long Superficial Exited/cephalad
  1. NA not available data
  2. aProminence of the testis was considered positive when observing the testis got more prominent while the patient is contracting the abdominal muscles
  3. bSuperficial means location of the testis in the superficial inguinal pouch (outside the inguinal canal) between the fascial layer and external oblique aponeurosis. In most of the cases, the gubernacular attachments were reported attached to the boundaries of the pouch or fascial layers