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Table 3 Most common paediatric surgical procedures per subspecialty category

From: The scope of operative general paediatric surgical diseases in South Africa—the Chris Hani Baragwanath experience

Category n (%) of all procedures Percentage of category
 Key procedure
GIT 841 (49.5%)  
 Gastroscopy (diagnostic/therapeutic) 119 (7.0%) 14.1
 Rigid oesophagoscopy 69 (4.1%) 8.0
 Appendicectomy 53 (3.1%) 6.3
 Relook laparotomy 48 (2.8%) 5.7
 Divided colostomy 39 (2.3%) 4.6
General 442 (26.0%)  
 Inguinal herniotomy 158 (9.3%) 35.7
 Incision and drainage 96 (5.7%) 21.7
 Umbilical hernia repair 49 (28.9%) 11.1
 Debridement 29 (1.7%) 6.6
 Excision biopsy 26 (1.5%) 5.9
Urogenital 218 (12.8%)  
 Orchidopexy 44 (2.6%) 20.2
 Circumcision 36 (2.1%) 16.5
 Cystoscopy 30 (1.8%) 13.8
 Hypospadias repair 20 (1.2%) 9.2
 Cauterisation of genital warts 18 (1.1%) 8.3
Vascular 103 (6.1%)  
 Port insertion 63 (3.7%) 61.2
 Port removal 32 (1.9%) 31.1
 Above knee amputation 4 (0.2%) 3.9
 Quinton line insertion 2 (0.1%) 1.9
Thoracic 41 (2.4%)  
 OA/TOF repair 17 (1.0%) 41.5
 Rigid bronchoscopy 10 (0.6%) 24.4
 Repair of CDH 3 (0.2%) 7.3
 Aortopexy 2 (0.1%) 4.9
 Laryngoscopy + removal of coin 2 (0.1%) 4.9
Oncology 28 (1.7%)  
 Nephrectomy 7 (0.4%) 25
 Excision of sacrococcygeal teratoma 4 (0.2%) 14.3
 Excision of adrenal mass 2 (0.1%) 7.1
 Right orchidectomy 2 (0.1%) 7.1
HPB 26 (1.5%)  
 Kasai portoenterostomy 15 (0.9%) 57.7
 Open liver biopsy 5 (0.3%) 19.2
 OTC + liver biopsy 5 (0.3%) 19.2
  1. Abbreviations: CDH congenital diaphragmatic hernia, GIT gastrointestinal tract, HPB hepatopancreatobiliary, OA/TOF oesophageal atresia with tracheooesophageal fistula, OTC on-table cholangiography