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Table 2 Procedures used for correction of common urogenital sinus in cases of cloaca and the related functional outcome (urinary control)

From: Persistent cloaca: persistence of the challenge

ProcedureNumberVoiding spontaneouslyUrinary incontinenceLess than 3 years or lost to follow-up
Interoitoplasty62 (33.3%)1 (16.6%)
(caudal regression)
3 (50%)
PUM97 (77.8%)--2 (22.2%)
TUM71 (14.3%)2 (28.6%)4 (57.1%)
PSARVP21 (50%)--1 (50%)
Vaginal pull-through41 (25%)3 (75%)--
Ileo/colo-vaginoplasty42 (50%)2 (50%)
(1 poor sacrum + 1 tethered cord)
--
Total3214 (43.7%)8 (25%)10 (31.3%)
  1. PUM partial urogenital sinus mobilization, TUM total urogenital sinus mobilization, PSARVP posterior sagittal anorectovagino-plasty