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  1. Scrotoschisis is a rare anomaly in which the testis is lying outside scrotum congenitally. Only few cases have been reported in literature under different names most of which are unilateral. We have found only...

    Authors: Shazia Perveen, Mishraz Shaikh and Sajid Ali

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:5

    Content type: Case Reports

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  2. Pediatric patients rarely exhibit Baker’s cysts. This study was conducted on 15 cases (9 males, 6 females) presented with Baker (popliteal) cyst in the last 2 years (from September 2017 to September 2019). The...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Mansour, Mohammed A. Shehata, Mohammed M. Shalaby, Mohammed A. Arafa and Hisham A. Almetaher

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:4

    Content type: Original Research

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  3. Acute appendicitis is one of the most common abdominal emergencies in children. Complicated appendicitis is much more common in pediatric age group than in adults due to probability of delay in diagnosis or mi...

    Authors: Mohammad Seqsaqa, Ahmed Ezzat Rozeik, Mohammed Khalifa and Hazem Nour Abdellatif Ashri

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:3

    Content type: Original Research

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  4. To explore the association between patent urachus and bladder outflow obstruction (BOO). A retrospective review of patient records over a 35-year period (1983–2018) with complete patent urachus was performed. ...

    Authors: Heba Taher, Sharmila Ramnarine, Naima Smeulders, Divyesh Desai, Imran Mushtaq, Peter Cuckow and Abraham Cherian

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:2

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. Infectious diseases have always been the lime light of global health with very little focus on childhood surgical conditions despite the fact that children constitute about half of the population in LMICs. A s...

    Authors: Maame Tekyiwa Botchway, Deirdre Kruger, Charles Adjei Manful and Andrew Grieve

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 16:44

    Content type: Original Research

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  6. Laryngotracheal stenosis is a major cause of airway obstruction in pediatric age. The correction of such abnormality still remains a challenge, both because of anatomical issues in childhood and also due to th...

    Authors: Melissa Ameloti Gomes Avelino, Laís da Silveira Botacin and Miguel Angel Corrales Coutinho

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:1

    Content type: Original Research

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  7. Ganglioneuroma is a rare neurogenic tumor which could grow into massive size in the thorax with minimal or no symptoms. Resection of these tumors will be challenging in view of large size and vascular encaseme...

    Authors: Mathula Hettiarachchi, Chanuka Dharmadasa, Ashoka Wijeyananda, Kapila Hettiarachchi and Bandula Samarasinghe

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:54

    Content type: Case Reports

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  8. Epithelioid hemangioma is a rare, benign vascular lesion classically presenting with painless nodules in the head and neck region. Hemangioma lesions are typically small, located within the dermis and subcutan...

    Authors: Claire J. Wiggins, Rami P. Dibbs, Erica L. Bartlett, Daniel J. Ashton and Renata S. Maricevich

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:53

    Content type: Case Reports

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  9. Post-omphalocele ventral hernias (POVH) are common after giant omphaloceles. Abdominal wall botulinum toxin injections (BTI) are useful to treat complex incisional hernias (CIH) in adults, which may also apply...

    Authors: Lisieux Eyer de Jesus, Thais Cardoso Leve, Celine Fulgencio and Samuel Dekermacher

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:56

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. Feeding gastrostomy is widely used in children that have troubles of swallowing and need to stablish enteral feeding. There are several methods for creation of that stoma. After the children gain their normal ...

    Authors: Mohammad Gharieb Khirallah and Nasir Bustangi

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:47

    Content type: Original Research

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  11. Classifying anorectal anomalies (ARA) has always been a matter of debate among pediatric surgeons. A new classification does not necessarily imply discarding older ones. Several concepts have been introduced i...

    Authors: Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Sherif Elhussiny Ibrahim and Leila Rawash ElDieb

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:42

    Content type: Original Research

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  12. Alimentary tract duplications are rare anomalies and any delay in the diagnosis may develop various complications. Infection, hemorrhage, or perforation of the duplication cyst may lead to an acute presentatio...

    Authors: Muhammad Bilal Mirza, Asim Shahzad, Nasir Mahmood, Ahmed Imran, Mahvish Hussain, Zafar Fayyaz and Nabila Talat

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:51

    Content type: Case Reports

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  13. Hydatid disease is relatively uncommon in children and thus rarely reported in literature. Pediatric patients with large hydatid cysts can have grave complications due to mass effect. Postoperative bile leak i...

    Authors: Saswati Behera, Monika Bawa, Ravi P. Kanojia, Ashwani Sood and Ram Samujh

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:43

    Content type: Case Reports

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  14. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series is the standard imaging tool for diagnosis of structural and functional abnormalities affecting the esophagus, stomach, and proximal small bowel. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Eman Ahmed Hamed, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Leila M. Rawash Eldieb and Mennatallah Hatem Shalaby

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:52

    Content type: Original Research

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  15. Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only little attention. The incidence of symptomatic prostatic utricle has been reported but most cases are asymptomatic. The purpose of this study i...

    Authors: Manjiri S., Kush Luthra, Padmalatha S. K., Jeevak Shetty and Neehar Patil

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:50

    Content type: Original Research

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  16. Lump or mass formation due to delayed presentation after appendicitis is common, and it is frequently complicated by perforation, gangrene, pus, or abscess formation. Care of patients and management vary betwe...

    Authors: M. A. Mushfiqur Rahman, Tanvir Kabir Chowdhury, Mohammad Zonaid Chowdhury and Md. Abdullah Al Farooq

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:39

    Content type: Original Research

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  17. Although the outcome of hypospadias repair has much improved, repair of a small-sized phallus is still challenging. Whether preoperative hormonal therapy is beneficial remains controversial.

    Authors: Islam Mahmoud Wali, Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Nehal Ahmed Radwan, Mohamed Abdel Sattar GadAllah, Wael Ahmed Ghanem and Osama El-Naggar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:38

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in many changes to clinical practice, including the introduction of remote clinics. Those familiar with remote clinics have reported benefits to their use, such as patient sa...

    Authors: A. M. Charnell, E. Hannon, D. Burke, M. R. Iredale and J. R. Sutcliffe

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:49

    Content type: How I do it article

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  19. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic procedure for the management of several hematological diseases and malignancies in pediatric population. Central venous catheters (CVCs) play a pivotal role d...

    Authors: Ahmed Elgendy, Ahmed M. Ismail, Eslam Elhawary, Ahmed Badran and Mohammed Ramadan El-Shanshory

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:46

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the commonest congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract that occurs in 2% of general population. It remains asymptomatic, but it may lead to life-threatening complicati...

    Authors: Hisham A. Almetaher and Mohammed Awad Mansour

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:45

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. Intussusception is the most common intestinal obstruction among infants and young children. Most of the pediatric cases are ileo-cecal, while jejuno-jejunal and ileo-ileal combined contribute only 2.5% of the ...

    Authors: Gilang Vigorous Akbar Eka Candy and Supangat Supangat

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:41

    Content type: Case Reports

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  22. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, benefits, and outcome of elective laparoscopic splenectomy for children younger than 5 years with sickle cell disease (SCD) who neede...

    Authors: Taha Alkhatrawi, Radi Elsherbini and Waheed Turkistani

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:35

    Content type: Original Research

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  23. Different laparoscopic approaches for insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter (PDC) have been adopted. Most of these techniques require 2–3 ports. One port laparoscopic technique for PDC placement was intr...

    Authors: Nasir Bustangi and Mohammad Gharieb Khirallah

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:33

    Content type: Original Research

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  24. Intestinal strictures are an extremely rare and life-threating complication in patients undergoing allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We describe the case of a child operated for mu...

    Authors: Agnieszka Sobkowiak-Sobierajska, Michał Błaszczyński, Przemysław Mańkowski and Jacek Wachowiak

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:37

    Content type: Case Reports

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  25. Delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an uncommon event. Occurrence of gastric volvulus with massive necrosis in this setting is unusual. In this difficult scenario, the surgeon is faced w...

    Authors: G. Krishna Kumar, U. Mallikarjun and D. Reshma

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:31

    Content type: Case Reports

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  26. Worldwide, infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has an incidence of 3 in 1000 livebirths, with an unknown etiology. Even when babies present with characteristic symptoms, it is often misdiagnosed leading to...

    Authors: Innocent Okello, Rovine Naluyimbazi, Alicia Massenga, Sarah Ullrich, Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, John Sekabira and Stella Nimanya

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:32

    Content type: Original Research

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  27. The majority of amebic infections among humans remain asymptomatic. Rarely, the disease takes a fulminant acute course due to the development of necrotizing amebic colitis. This complication is usually found i...

    Authors: Samantha Kiriwaththuduwa, Romola Gnanapragasam, Anjalie Amarasinghe, Yugantha Adikari, Shanika Ranasinghe, Rumala Morel, Chanuka Dharmaratne and Lakmalee Bandara

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:28

    Content type: Case Reports

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  28. The assessment of a child having hypospadias with chordee/ventral curvature (VC) and meatal position that appears to be proximal/mid-penile can be challenging with regard to the choice of chordee correction an...

    Authors: Vivek Parameswara Sarma

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  29. The diagnosis of posterior urethral valves (PUV) encompasses a vast spectrum of disease with variable severity and clinical features. It is vital to understand the extent of developmental insult and to define ...

    Authors: Vivek Parameswara Sarma

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:36

    Content type: Original Research

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  30. Testicular ectopia is defined as a testis which is located away from the normal pathway of testicular descent and outside its ipsilateral hemiscrotum. Controversies have been raised about considering the abdom...

    Authors: Rabea Ahmed Gadelkareem, Ahmed Abdelhamid Shahat, Ahmed Reda, Ahmed Mohamed Moeen, Mohamed Farouk Abdelhafez, Mahmoud Farouk Abughanima, Osama Mansour, Nasreldin Mohammed, Mahmoud Mohammed Osman, Ahmed Abdelaziz Elderwy and Hisham Mokhtar Hammouda

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:27

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. Umbilical hernia (UH) is one of the most common problems seen by paediatric surgeons. The recurrence rate after surgical repair is 1–2%. In this study, we examined the ring of umbilical hernia histologically t...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Mohamed AbdElrahman, Mohammed Elsherbeny and Hesham El-Safoury

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:22

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. There is a lack of evidence on the surgical approach for children and adolescents undergoing cholecystectomy. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to compare the safety and efficacy of minimally inv...

    Authors: Daniel Steffens, Kathryn Wales, Clare Toms, David Yeo, Charbel Sandroussi and Ashish Jiwane

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:24

    Content type: Reviews

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  33. Hyperhidrosis is an excess sweat secretion. Various modalities of treatment exist for hyperhidrosis. Although medical treatment is the first line of treatment, its long-term outcome is not satisfactory. In thi...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Mohammed Elsherbeny, Ahmed Abdelbarr and Sameh Abdelhay

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. Lymphatic sparing laparoscopic Palomo varicocelectomy is a safe and reliable technique for varicocele treatment in adolescents and children. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of lymphatic s...

    Authors: Abdelaziz Yehya, Mohamed Abdalrazek, Ibrahim Gamaan, Ahmed Fathy and Wael El Batal

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:16

    Content type: Original Research

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  35. Neonatal gastro-intestinal perforation [NGIP] is one of the major problems in pediatric surgical practice. Although the outcomes of neonatal surgery have improved markedly over the past decade the mortality ra...

    Authors: Nezar Abd Elrouf Abo-Halawa, Mohamed Ahmed Negm and Mohamed Fathy

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:17

    Content type: Original Research

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  36. Urachal anomalies (UAs) are rare in children; the most encountered are urachal cysts, urachal sinus, and urachal diverticulum. Other associated anomalies have been reported to include renal and abdominal wall ...

    Authors: Mohamad K. Abou Chaar, Tamador Al-Shamaileh and Mohammad M. Saleem

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:19

    Content type: Case Reports

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  37. Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is usually an isolated perforation occurring most commonly in the terminal ileum of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) and extreme low birth weight (ELBW) of un...

    Authors: Ashraf H. M. Ibrahim, Hamad A. Hader, Hatem Alsherbiny, Mahmoud R. A. Hussein and Safwan A. Khan

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:20

    Content type: Case Reports

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  38. The perineal canal is a rare variety of anorectal malformations, identified by different nomenclatures like H fistula, double termination of the alimentary canal, and anovestibular fistula. Various approaches ...

    Authors: S. Manjiri, Jeevak Shetty, S. K. Padmalatha, Kush Luthra and Neehar Patil

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:15

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is the most common cause of ambiguous genitalia with an incidence of 1 in 15,000 live births. Surgical reconstruction for girls with CAH and urogenital sinus (UGS) is a gre...

    Authors: Ahmed Oshiba, Khaled Ashour, Ahmed Khairi, Sameh Shehata, Shaymaa ElSayed and Essam Elhalaby

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  40. Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdomen in pediatrics. Although various criteria have been suggested in early diagnosis of appendicitis, these criteria are not as applicable for pediatric patients. Bec...

    Authors: Parisa Hajalioghli, Soroush Mostafavi and Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:12

    Content type: Original Research

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