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  1. Omental cysts are rare, predominantly occur in children, and often initially present with symptoms masquerading as other more common intra-abdominal pathologies. In this case report, we present the case of a c...

    Authors: Keenan J. Robbins, Ryan M. Antiel and Baddr A. Shakhsheer

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:62

    Content type: Case Reports

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  2. Macrocystic lymphatic malformation is a rare benign skin disorder, especially the anogenital area, which covers less than .5% of the reported cases. It can cause vesicular and papular lesions on the face, trun...

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Rodríguez-García, Cuauhtly Gallegos-Sierra, José Luis Villarreal-Salgado, Karla Jimenez-Pavon, Karen Morfin-Meza, Joel Ramos-Maciel, Diego Armando Fierro-Rodríguez, Enrique Romero-Algara, Pablo Bonilla-Catalán, Emmanuel Dorado-Hernández and Quitzia Libertad Torres-Salazar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:63

    Content type: Case Reports

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  3. Acute abdominal pain in nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a well-known clinical symptom and is mainly related to peritonitis. The presence, although rare, of red umbilicus may guide the diagnosis as a suggestive sign...

    Authors: Giovanni Conti, Nicolina Stefania Carucci, Valentina Comito, Pietro Impellizzeri, Carmela Visalli, Claudia Ventrici, Roberto Chimenz and Carmelo Romeo

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:61

    Content type: Case Reports

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  4. Accurate diagnosis of lung lesions appearing on computed tomographic (CT) imaging in children with solid organ malignancies can be difficult. Therefore, this study aimed to determine, in a developing country s...

    Authors: Mark Wagener, Nasheeta Peer and Mahomed Hoosen Sheik-Gafoor

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:59

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. Gastrointestinal duplications are uncommon occurring in 1 in 5000 live births. Small intestine is commonly involved, while appendicular duplications are extremely rare. Vitelline duct anomalies arise due to fa...

    Authors: S. Rajkiran Raju, A. R. Prasanna Kumar, A. M. Shubha and Julian Crasta

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:58

    Content type: Case Reports

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  6. Vasoepididymal anomalies are not rare among children with cryptorchidism. They may affect fertility following orchiopexy. Herein, we describe the cases of abnormalities of the vas deferens and epididymis in ch...

    Authors: Sarah Magdy Abdelmohsen, Mohamed Abdelkader Osman, Mohammed Hamada Takrouney, Mohamed El Debeiky, Ahmed Badawe G. Hassan, Mohamed Mahmoud Abd El-Aleem Shalaby and Mohamed A. Baky Fahmy

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:55

    Content type: Original Research

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  7. Lipoblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of embryonal fat affecting mainly children below 3 years of age. It presents usually as a painless rapidly growing soft lobular mass in the extremities, trunk, a...

    Authors: Alaa Ghallab, Mohamed Elmahmoud, Majed Alhadad, Khalil Albatniji, Ameen Alsaggaf, A. Gawad Elhendy, Alam Alshafi and Abdulwahab S. Aljubab

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:54

    Content type: Case Reports

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  8. Esophageal perforation is a rare surgical pathology in children. Thoracic esophageal perforation is more severe than cervical esophageal perforation. Iatrogenic cause, mainly by endoscopy, is the most common i...

    Authors: Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Antoine Séraphin Gbénou, Joseph Akodjènou, Aboudou Raïmi Kpossou, Bruno Noukpozoukou and Armand Michel Fiogbe

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:53

    Content type: Case Reports

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  9. Scientific conferences which are considered as an important event for dissemination of research and related academic activities were badly affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Virtual format for interaction ...

    Authors: Muhammad Haris Patel, Jamshed Akhtar, Syed Muhammad Raees Hussain Taqvi and Tayyaba Batool

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:67

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. Sternal cleft is a quite rare malformation. It is seen 1 out of 100,000 live births and makes up less than 1% of all chest wall deformities, seen more often among females. The deformity can be partial or compl...

    Authors: Halil Ibrahim Tanriverdi, Fulya Doğaneroğlu, Abdülkadir Genç and Ömer Yılmaz

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:43

    Content type: Case Reports

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  11. Despite the enormous surgical advancements in the last century, access to the biliary system is lost when a Roux-en-Y (RY) biliary drainage procedure is performed. Attempts have been made to overcome this inco...

    Authors: Shamaman Harilal, Hansraj Mangray, Sanele Madziba and Fernando Ghimenton

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:52

    Content type: Original Research

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  12. Mobile caecum along with malfixed small bowel mesentery in malrotation is incriminated to cause intussusception in children. This dual association is very rare and is labeled as Waugh’s syndrome. This is often...

    Authors: Aditya Arvind Manekar, Narahari Janjala, Subrat Kumar Sahoo, Bikasha Bihary Tripathy and Manoj Kumar Mohanty

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:46

    Content type: Case Reports

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  13. Malnutrition is a common finding after major abdominal surgeries especially after prolonged period of fasting in children. Enteral feeding is the commonest support way postoperatively for stimulating gut hormo...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Yasmin Gamal and Mohamed H. Soliman

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:41

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is the most common type of renal stromal tumor in neonates. It is classified into cellular, classical, and mixed types. The multidisciplinary management approach is the ma...

    Authors: Ali Ihab, Al Otaibi Abdullah, Abduldaem Abdullah, Alonazi Mohammad and Nojoom Maha

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:45

    Content type: Case Reports

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  15. The Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) is a validated scoring system assessing children with abdominal pain. Prior to 2016, children with abdominal pain in our community hospital were evaluated primarily using...

    Authors: Frieda Hulka, Bryn Morris, Paige Elliott and Bogna Targonska

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:44

    Content type: Original Research

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  16. Currarino syndrome is a rare congenital malformation having autosomal dominant inheritance. It comprises of anorectal malformation, presacral mass, and sacral vertebral defect occurring in variable proportion....

    Authors: Md Mokarram Ali, Ram Jeewan Singh, Rashi Rashi, Amit Kumar, Amit Kumar Sinha and Bindey Kumar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:40

    Content type: Case Reports

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  17. Surgical operation and anaesthesia induction are fearful events which may interfere with the smooth conduct of anaesthesia and postoperative recovery in children. Indeed, the fear of needles, syringes and unkn...

    Authors: Ademola Olusegun Talabi, Oludayo Adedapo Sowande, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku, Afolabi Muyiwa Owojuyigbe, Lukmon Olusesan Amosu and Olusanya Adejuyigbe

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:37

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. Viral infection into lung, muscular, and endothelial cells results in inflammatory response, including edema, degeneration, and necrotic alterations. The involvement of the major arteries in adolescent with CO...

    Authors: Mariana Orate Menezes da Silva, Henrique Amorim Santos, Amanda Fernandes Vidal da Silva, Guilherme Marum and Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:57

    Content type: Case Reports

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  19. First branchial cleft fistula is a rare malformation of the neck and head. The purpose of this report is to showcase a method of treating first brachial cleft fistula while preserving the facial nerve.

    Authors: Razan Bawazir, Abdullah Bawazir and Osama Bawazir

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:50

    Content type: Case Reports

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  20. Uterovaginal prolapse occurs when damaged connective tissues allow the uterus to drop into the vagina. Rare in children, uterovaginal prolapse can occur as a result of violent sexual assault. This case is bein...

    Authors: Odion-Obomhense Kesiena Helen, Ntaji Maureen Iru, Ekpebe Patrick Akpofure and Afeyodion Akhator

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:48

    Content type: Case Reports

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  21. Pseudotail with occult spinal dysraphism with neurological deficit is a rare phenomenon. Ignoring pseudotail as sign of occult spinal dysraphism may lead to catastrophe in diagnosis and further management.

    Authors: Ram Jeewan Singh, Md Mokarram Ali, Amit Kumar, Rashi Rashi, Amit Kumar Sinha and Bindey Kumar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:33

    Content type: Case Reports

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  22. Intussusception is the telescoping of a proximal segment of the bowel into a distal segment. It can be idiopathic or pathological. Children commonly present with colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, a palpable ab...

    Authors: Shung Ken Tan, Chee Wei Tan, Junaidah Hassan, Mohan Arunasalam Nallusamy, Jian An Boo and Pavitratha Puspanathan

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:35

    Content type: Case Reports

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  23. Pediatric neck masses are a common complaint in children. The most common etiologies include congenital lesions, lymphadenopathy, vascular malformations, inflammatory, and malignant lesions. Spontaneous sterno...

    Authors: Monia Ghammam, Lobna Chouchane, Jihene Houas, Mouna Bellakhdher, Heyfa Bel Hadj Miled, Wassim Kermani, Abir Meherzi and Mohamed Abdelkafi

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:36

    Content type: Case Reports

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  24. Since the length of the affected colon widely varies, the preoperative management of Hirschsprung’s disease varies from one hospital to another. For our cases in which the length of the aganglionic colon canno...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Sakurai, Megumi Nakamura and Naobumi Endo

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:49

    Content type: Original Research

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  25. Ganglioneuroma (GN) is an uncommon tumor belonging to the neuroblastic tumors group and is often localized in the posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, and adrenal gland. Presacral (PS) location is extremely...

    Authors: Saloua Ammar, Taycir Cheikhrouhou, Mohamed Jallouli, Rahma Chtourou, Sahla Sellami, Hayet Zitouni and Riadh Mhiri

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:34

    Content type: Case Reports

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  26. Segmental dilatation of the intestine (SDI) though uncommon is a well-known entity and more than 150 cases of SDI are reported in the literature. The presentation and association of SDI are well described; how...

    Authors: Santosh Kumar Mahalik, Susama Patra, Bikasha Bihary Tripathy, Akash Bihari Pati, Manoj Kumar Mohanty and Subash Chandra Samal

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:38

    Content type: Case Reports

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  27. Intestinal lipomas are benign, non-epithelial, intestinal tumors with an exceptionally rare localization at the ileum. Lipomas in the small intestine occur mainly in elderly patients and seldom occur in childh...

    Authors: Taycir Cheikhrouhou, Mahdi Ben Dhaw, Mohamed Zouari, Hayet Zitouni, Rim Kallel, Naourez Gouiaa, Tahya Sellami Boudawara and Riadh Mhiri

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:47

    Content type: Case Reports

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  28. Adolescent obesity is an important health issue. Non-surgical weight management programs, even the most aggressive, have shown modest weight reduction results. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining ...

    Authors: Mohamed El ghazeery, Mohamed Elsawaf, Mohamed Ashour, Mohamed Metwaly and Mohamed Hashish

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:32

    Content type: Original Research

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  29. Primary iliopsoas abscess is extremely rare in neonates and overlooked easily. It is potentially curable with surgical drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics if diagnosed early.

    Authors: Sampurna Ray, Pranab Kumar Dey, Pankaj Halder and Arindam Ghosh

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:30

    Content type: Case Reports

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  30. Urinary bladder masses are uncommon in the pediatric age group and pose a diagnostic challenge, often necessitating histopathological differentiation and confirmation. An unusual mimic of neoplastic bladder ma...

    Authors: Aakanksha Agarwal, Poonam Sherwani, Saurya, Niladri Sekhar Bhunia and Dipesh Kumar Dhoot

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:27

    Content type: Case Reports

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  31. Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a congenital abnormality with various clinical and anatomical features. Submucous cleft pathologies may be unrecognized during routine examinations. Current diagnostic techniqu...

    Authors: Yasir S. Jamal, Sabah S. Moshref, Abeer M. Baamir, Mazin O. Kurdi and Doaa Y. Jamal

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:25

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. Controversy exists regarding the appropriate level of sympathectomy for primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) as different levels are associated with variable postoperative patients’ satisfaction and potential com...

    Authors: Ismael Essam Elhalaby, Mohamed Awad Mansour, Ahmed Mohamed Ismail Tawfik and Hisham Fayad Aly

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  33. Heterotaxy syndrome is a rare clinical entity that is characterized by abnormal visceral organ arrangement in the chest and abdomen. Left atrial isomerism is a subcategory of heterotaxy syndrome characterized ...

    Authors: Faysal Tabbara, Karim Wehby Ataya, Youssef Annous, Kawsar Alamiddine and Ahmad Zaghal

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:21

    Content type: Case Reports

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  34. Recently, several serum and urinary biomarkers have been investigated for diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Urinary biomarkers seem to be advantageous in children as it is non-invasive, painless, and easy to pe...

    Authors: Santosh Kumar Mahalik, Debapriya Bandyopadhyay, Bikasha Bihary Tripathy, Akash Bihari Pati and Manoj Kumar Mohanty

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:22

    Content type: Original Research

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  35. Lipoblastoma is a rare benign neoplasm of the adipose tissue occurring most commonly in infants and young children. This tumor can present as a localized, well-circumscribed lesion (lipoblastoma) or as a multi...

    Authors: Adewale Olaotan Oyinloye, Nasiru Raheem, Aminu M. C. Dahiru, Christopher Uruku Rikin and Auwal Mohammed Abubakar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:23

    Content type: Case Reports

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  36. Appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen. Although emergency surgery used to be the standard treatment for both simple and complex appendicitis, there are now options for interval surgery, laparo...

    Authors: Toshiro Kimura, Yoshikazu Toyoki, Aika Ichisawa, Takahiro Yamada, Yusuke Wakasa, Hiroyuki Jin, Makoto Nakai, Kazunori Aoki, Hiroaki Kawashima and Masaaki Endo

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:18

    Content type: Original Research

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  37. Teratoma of the hepatoduodenal ligament is a rare entity. Only 17 cases of hepatoduodenal ligament teratoma exist in the literature.

    Authors: Ruchira Nandan, Anjan Dhua, Sidharth Tyagi, Vishesh Jain, Sandeep Agarwala and Veereshwar Bhatnagar

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:19

    Content type: Case Reports

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  38. Retroperitoneal germ cell tumors (GCTs) are rare, commonly large tumors, often diagnosed in infancy. Complete surgical resection may pose a serious challenge as encasement of major vessels and organ displaceme...

    Authors: Juliette F. Bollemeijer, Annelies M. C. Mavinkurve-Groothuis, Cezanne D. Kooij, József Zsiros, Annemieke S. Littooij, Alida F. W. van der Steeg, Marc H. W. A. Wijnen and Caroline C. C. Hulsker

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:20

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Pediatric pyeloplasty in ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is indicated in renal impaired drainage or renal function deterioration. The improvement of renal function after pediatric pyeloplasty is stil...

    Authors: Elsayed Salih, Ibrahim Abdelmaksoud, Mohamed Elfeky, Gamal Selmy, Hussein Galal and Mohsen Zekry

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:17

    Content type: Original Research

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  40. Neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) is a rare, serious, and life-threatening condition which needs early recognition with prompt intervention for better prognosis. Its etiology is not yet well established, but ...

    Authors: Imran Hashim, Nabila Talat, Asif Iqbal, Muhammad Saleem Choudhary, Naveed Haider, Sajid Iqbal Nayyer, Muhammad Sharif, Arslan Raza Wasti and Sarfraz Ahmad

    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:13

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

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