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  1. The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics and compare the treatment methods for perianal abscesses by assessing our treatment experiences.

    Authors: Elif Emel Erten, Can İhsan Öztorun, Ahmet Ertürk, Doğuş Güney, Süleyman Arif Bostancı, Medine Ezgi Öcal, Sabri Demir, Müjdem Nur Azılı and Emrah Şenel
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:70
  2. During the postoperative course following neonatal surgery, several stimuli like respiratory distress, pain, and stress cause the release of the antidiuretic hormone which can induce hyponatremia. This hyponat...

    Authors: Shivani Dogra, Muneer A. Malik, Nitin J. Peters and Ram Samujh
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:72
  3. The surgical repair of H-type tracheo-oesophageal fistulas situated below the level of the second thoracic vertebra requires an open thoracotomy or a thoracoscopy. We describe a novel technique that allows for...

    Authors: Livia Procopiuc, Shehryer Naqvi, Iain Yardley and Andrew G. Nyman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:69
  4. Parasitic limb is a rare congenital anomaly. Its incidence is less than 1 in 1 million live births. It refers to the type of conjoined twin in which tissues of an incompletely formed twin (parasite) are attach...

    Authors: Murad Habib and Muhammad Amjad Chaudhary
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:68
  5. Femoral hernia is very rare in children. Surgical intervention is necessary for treatment. There are many different surgical methods explained before. Laparoscopic single port repair technique is not reported ...

    Authors: Ergun Ergun, Yusuf Alper Kara, Beytullah Yagiz, Sila Ispir Karalar, Ozlem Balci and Ismet Faruk Ozguner
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:65
  6. Female epispadias is a rare congenital anomaly, with a quoted incidence of 1 in 480,000.These patients present with urinary incontinence and varying degrees of external genitalia abnormality. This report prese...

    Authors: Adewale Olaotan Oyinloye, Samuel Wabada, Auwal Mohammed Abubakar and Christopher Uruku Rikin
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:66
  7. This report describes the presentation and course of treatment for one of the youngest reported cases of empyema of the gallbladder. Given the rare occurrence of this disease process, we elected to proceed wit...

    Authors: Michael Ghio, Angelle Billiot, Jessica A. Zagory and Mary L. Brandt
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:67
  8. Ganglioneuroma is rare in children and often incidentally discovered. The transperitoneal laparoscopic approach is the surgical choice for most of the surgeons because of the familiar anatomy and the wider wor...

    Authors: Pietro Impellizzeri, Flora M. Peri, Salvatore Arena, Renato Trimarchi, Carmelo Romeo and Gianlorenzo Dionigi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:62
  9. Acute appendicitis is an infrequent pathology in children under 4 years of age, and its diagnosis is a clinical challenge that can lead to late detection. The intention of this study is to describe the clinica...

    Authors: Jhon Camacho-Cruz, Patricia Ocampo Padilla, Daniela Guerrero Sánchez, Diana Milena Mongui, Laura Katherine Hoyos, María Lucia Porras, Pablo Vásquez Hoyos, Fernando Polo and Carlos Alberto Castro
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:59
  10. Amniotic fluid (AF) was thought of just as a mechanical cushioning to the foetus. Nowadays, its role during pregnancy is getting more attention, suggesting hitherto unknown aspects. The aim of the study is to ...

    Authors: Giovanni Parente, Eduje Thomas, Simone D’Antonio, Francesco Pierangeli, Chiara Cordola, Michele Libri, Tommaso Gargano and Mario Lima
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:58
  11. Obstetric problems and infertility affect female surgeons. Family perspectives influence specialty choice and attrition rates. We aim to study parity, fertility, and family planning among female pediatric surg...

    Authors: Lisieux Eyer de Jesus, Amanda Guerra Rosina, Laryssa Nayana Souza Silva de Oliveira, Karen Feldman, Renata Rangel Justiniano, Glaucia Campos Resende and Samuel Dekermacher
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:57
  12. Hernia of the umbilical cord (HUC) is an uncommon type of abdominal wall defect characterized by a hernia of the midgut into the proximal section of the umbilical cord. This is occasionally coupled with other ...

    Authors: Yasir S. Jamal, Mazen O. Kurdi, Ettedal A. Aljahdali, Samera F. AlBasri and Abdullah Y. Jamal
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:54
  13. Esophageal atresia occurs in 1 out of 2500 to 4500 live births; an isolated variant occurs in 8% of the cases. In this case report and literature review, we present a rare case of isolated distal esophageal at...

    Authors: Rasem Keilani, Eman Badran, Hanan Mansour, Rasha Alatout and Abdallah Alabadla
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:55
  14. Imperforate hymen (IH) is the most common obstructive anomaly of female genital tract. Hymen saving has a great importance for both cultural and religious reasons. Conventional surgical treatment for this cond...

    Authors: Ettedal A. Aljahdali and Mazen O. Kurdi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:53
  15. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate efficacy and laboratory follow-up criteria of nonsurgical antibiotic treatment in uncomplicated acute appendicitis. We established an experimental appendicitis model in r...

    Authors: Halis Can Demirtürk, Halil Ibrahim Tanriverdi, Fatma Taneli, Semin Ayhan and Cüneyt Günşar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:50
  16. Nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) can be caused by different types of etiologies. Some rare intrathoracic lesions are associated with NIHF. Combination of mediastinal teratoma, NIHF, and chylothorax is extremel...

    Authors: Yasemin Ezgi Kostekci, Elvis Kraja, Ergun Ergun, Berrin Demir, Emel Okulu, Omer Erdeve, Aydın Yagmurlu, Omer Suat Fitoz, Koray Ceyhan, Begum Atasay and Saadet Arsan
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:49
  17. Melanotic schwannoma is a melanin producing nerve sheath tumors. Rarely, it can be associated with psammoma bodies, called psammomatous melanotic schwannoma. Psammomatous melanotic schwannomas are associated i...

    Authors: Aleksandar Zlatarov, Plamena Drenakova, Stefan Mihaylov, Neli Zgurova, Lilyana Petkova and Krasimir D. Ivanov
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:51
  18. Gastrointestinal complications are becoming increasingly more common and pose a significant risk on the health of children with compromised immunity caused by various etiologies such as chemotherapy and posttr...

    Authors: Tarek Bou Dargham, Mohamad Bahij Moumneh, Christine Atallah and Ahmad Zaghal
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:52
  19. The management of neonatal ovarian cysts is often demanding. However, offering surgery as a definitive treatment for patients who lack easy access to healthcare for follow-up is reasonable. Minimally invasive,...

    Authors: Hanan Said, Yasmine Shafik, Mohammed Faiz, Osama Bawazir, Obada Alhallaq, Asmaa Abdulmoez and Yasser Al Dahshan
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:43
  20. Hypersplenism, one of the major complications of portal hypertension, is traditionally treated by splenectomy. However, partial splenic artery embolization is an evolving minimally invasive intervention to tre...

    Authors: Visvalingam Arunath, Manoj Sanjeewa Liyanarachchi, Sundarraajah Gajealan and Kumudu Weerasekara
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:42
  21. Omental cysts are rare benign tumours. They occur due to malformation of the mesenteric lymphatic spaces which fail to communicate with the systemic lymphatic drainage. Diagnosis is challenging due to its rari...

    Authors: Hooi Hooi Tan, Shung Ken Tan, Nik Fatimah Salwati Nik Malek and Mohan Arunasalam Nallusamy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:41
  22. There is no consensus on the use of perioperative antibiotic in full-thickness rectal biopsies (FTB) in children suspected for Hirschsprung disease. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effec...

    Authors: Nicolai Skov Schiellerup, Niels Bjørn, Anders Linneman, Peter Ehlers, Sören Möller, Niels Qvist and Mark Bremholm Ellebæk
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:48
  23. Since the first description by Trondsen in 1993, laparoscopy has become the preferred method of surgery of urachal remnants in children. Some authors call it the “gold standard.” Nonetheless, the comparison wi...

    Authors: Yaroslav Isaev and Mirko Bertozzi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:40
  24. Cancer is a major global health concern and a leading cause of death in paediatric populations worldwide. Malnutrition contributes to a poor prognosis and remains the most common comorbidity leading to death i...

    Authors: Emery Manirambona, Shannon Gunawardana, Hugh Hathaway, Kokila Lakhoo, Kathryn Ford and Aimable Kanyamuhunga
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:39
  25. Biliary calculus disease (BCD) is one of the most prevalent diseases and poses a significant burden to the health care system in adults. The prevalence of BCD in children and adolescents is about 0.1% and 0.6%...

    Authors: Rajashekar Addagatla, Vijay Kumar Kundal, Gali Divya, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Atul Kumar Meena, Aarushi Kemwal and Amita Sen
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:38
  26. Implantable vascular access devices (IVADs) provide durable routes for administering long-term treatments in patients. However, their associated complications pose a problem. One technique variation that can i...

    Authors: Saeed Al Hindi, Zahra Khalaf, Abigail K. L. Tan and Fayza Haider
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:37
  27. Yolk sac tumor or endodermal sinus tumor is an uncommon malignant germ cell neoplasm. This tumor usually presents in childhood or young adulthood as a testicular or ovarian mass. Extragonadal sites such as med...

    Authors: Roula A. Farah, Judy K. Matta, Aida A. Metri, Noha A. Bejjani-Doueihy and Ibrahim C. Saikali
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:36
  28. Bladder melanosis is rare. It has previously been described only in the fifth decade of life or beyond; it has not been described in childhood. Previous descriptions have generally been case reports, and so th...

    Authors: Roma Subhash Varik, Mudher Al-Adhani and Arash Taghizadeh
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:35
  29. Müllerian anomaly is a congenital defect in the development of the female reproductive system that varies according to the stage of developmental failure resulting in agenesis, hypoplasia, or fusion defect in ...

    Authors: Ettedal A. Aljahdali, Leena I. Sharafuddin, Wejdan O. Baamer, Maram A. Enani and Fotoon S. Alzhrani
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:34
  30. Anorectal malformations associated with colonic duplications are a rare condition. Double terminations of tubular colonic duplication in the perineum are even rarer. Colonic duplication may have different pres...

    Authors: Rajat Piplani, Samir K. Acharya and Deepak Bagga
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:47
  31. The mortality rate of esophageal atresia (EA) has significantly improved, but late complications remain problematic. We evaluated the physical growth, late complications, and social prognosis of postoperative ...

    Authors: Ryuta Masuya, Mitsuru Muto, Koshiro Sugita, Masakazu Murakami, Keisuke Yano, Toshio Harumatsu, Shun Onishi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Makoto Matsukubo, Takafumi Kawano, Seiro Machigashira, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motofumi Torikai, Motoi Mukai, Tatsuru Kaji…
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:46
  32. The indications and benefits of anti-reflux surgery (ARS) in neonates and infants are uncertain. Prematurity, operation before 1 year of age, neurological impairment (NI), and chronic lung disease (CLD) are ri...

    Authors: Ibrahim A. Mostafa, Hamad A. Hader, Safwan A. Khan, Ahmed M. Hilal, Mohamed A. Gathradi and Ashraf H. M. Ibrahim
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:45
  33. Pneumoperitoneum is defined as the presence of free air in the peritoneal cavity. It is a surgical emergency that represents in 90% of the cases with a hollow viscus perforation and its feared consequences of ...

    Authors: Raed Al-Taher, Hanan Mansour, Mohammad Al-Qaisi, Ehab Hamdan, Baraa Danoun, Ali Shrouf, Mohammed Jumaah, Eman Badran and Manar Al-lawama
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:33
  34. The fetu in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare congenital condition characterized by a 2nd fetus that grows into the body of the healthy twin. Its thoracic location is more exceptional.

    Authors: Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Joseph Akodjènou, Gilles Modeste Alain Bognon, Simon Azandegbe Azonbakin, Romulus Takin, Jules Marouf Alao, Antoine Seraphin Gbenou, Armand Michel Fiogbe and Delphin Kuassi Mehinto
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:30
  35. Acute appendicitis and blunt abdominal trauma may co-exist, imposing a dilemma of whether there is only coincidence or there is a cause to effect relationship. The etiopathogenesis of this rare association rem...

    Authors: Y. Kerkeni, F. Thamri, A. Zouaoui, S. Houidi and R. Jouini
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:29
  36. Esophageal atresia (EA) is not a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually accompanied by tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Respiratory morbidities are experienced in most of the survivors. Although it was believe...

    Authors: Dina Hossam El Dine Hamed, Ayman Hussein, Basma Magdy, Mohamed Elseoudi, Mohamed M. Elbarbary and Ahmed M. K. Wishahy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:32
  37. Extracranial congenital skin defects, defined as aplasia cutis congenita (ACC), are a rare clinical entity. The form of presentation varies among patients according to the causal agent and the point during pre...

    Authors: Jesús Vicente Redondo Sedano, María Dolores Delgado Muñoz, Alicia Gómez Sánchez, Sara Monserrat Proaño Landazuri, María López Maestro, Jesús Rodríguez Calvo, Cecilia Castellano Yáñez, Andrés Gómez Fraile and María Eunate Marti Carrera
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:31
  38. To identify the current practices and priorities in Wilms’ tumor management for surgeons in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

    Authors: Megan Thuy Vu, Jaime Shalkow, Bindi Naik-Mathuria, Sajid S. Qureshi, Doruk Ozgediz, Kokila Lakhoo and Hafeez Abdelhafeez
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:28
  39. We aim to compare conventional 3-port with single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for oophorectomy in patients undergoing ovarian cryopreservation.

    Authors: Kiloran Metcalfe, Harmit Ghattaura, Ceri Elbourne, Khaled Ashour, Sheila Lane and Kokila Lakhoo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:24
  40. The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing especially in endemic countries. Spinal tuberculosis represents nearly the 50% of reported cases of skeletal tuberculosis. This is the youngest case of spinal tuberc...

    Authors: Ana Karen Leos-Leija, José Ramón Padilla-Medina, Pedro Martín Reyes-Fernández, Víctor M. Peña-Martínez, Fernando Félix Montes-Tapia and José I. Castillo-Bejarano
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:23
  41. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) is now widely recognized as a minimally invasive alternative for the surgical repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in paediatrics. In this work, we aim to evaluate ...

    Authors: Hany Emad Mohamed, Khaled Mohamed EL-Asmar, Tarek Ahmed Hassan, Ehab Abd El-Aziz EL-Shafei, Mohamed Hisham Soliman and Ayman Mostafa Allam
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:26

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