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  1. Double congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) without esophageal atresia, known as double H-type fistula, is an extremely uncommon malformation. Due to its nonspecific symptoms and the small size of the fi...

    Authors: Chiraz Regaieg, Taycir Cheikhrouhou, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mariam Ammar, Nadia Kolsi, Riadh Mhiri, Afef Ben Thabet and Nadia Hmida
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:42
  2. Extrahepatic bile duct tumor in neonates and infants is extremely rare. Fibroma in neonates and infants has been reported in different body parts but not in the bile duct. We report a 2-month-old girl with com...

    Authors: Md. Samiul Hasan, S. M. Nazmul Islam, Umama Huq, Mashud Parvez, Hasiba Mahshed Khan, Refoyez Mahmud and Ashrarur Rahman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:41
  3. Heteropagus twinning is a rare birth defect in 1 in million live births. Epigastric heteropagus is the most frequent type, in which a smaller dependent (parasite twin) is attached to the body of the host (auto...

    Authors: Ayesha Siddiqua, Noor-ul-Sabah and Muhammad Ramzan Bhutta
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:40
  4. Dermoid cysts are benign germ cell tumors with ectodermal and mesodermal components. It is a slow-growing lesion that commonly arises in the midline of the head and neck. The last location represented 7%, and ...

    Authors: Mahaman Sani Rabiou, Maman Roufai Hamissou Moussa, Hassane Ali Amadou and Stachys Beranger Hounkpatin Seton
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:39
  5. Hypospadias is the most common congenital abnormality of the urethra affecting live male births. The incidence is rising with the increasing pollution. During the last 50 years, developments in surgical instru...

    Authors: Moemen Mohamed Farouk Radwan, Sherif Nabhan Kaddah, Gamal Hasan ElTagy and Khaled S. Abdullateef
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:38
  6. It is not often written in medical journals that preduodenal portal vein, biliary atresia, intestinal malrotation, and situs inversus totalis are all related. This is a rare association.

    Authors: Tarek Abdelazeem Sabra, Sarah Magdy Abdelmohsen and Basel Abdelazeem
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:37
  7. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration–a congenital lung malformation characterized by nonfunctional lung tissue with its own visceral pleura and without a connection to the normal tracheobronchial tree–is often s...

    Authors: Anna-Kaelle K. J. Ramos, Tori R. Teramae, Collin G. Z. Liang, Miriam L. Brazer and Russell K. Woo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:35
  8. Congenital megalourethra is a rare male genital malformation, with less than 100 cases reported in literature. Urethrocutaneous fistula, in turn, has only 65 cases described, which what makes the association b...

    Authors: Lucas Rossato Chrun, Paulo Acácio Egger, Lia Yoneka Toda, Aquiles Henrique, Orlando Ribeiro Prado Filho, Larissa Rossato Chrun Costa and Victor Hugo Silva Nezo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:34
  9. Chylolymphatic cysts are benign pathology in lymphatic vessels due to obstruction in the lymphatic system. Their incidence is still unknown. However, they account for approximately 3 to 9% of all pediatric lym...

    Authors: Ahmed K. Ali, Islam M. Abdelhamid, Abdelrahman Hamdy Mohamed and Tarek Abdelazeem Sabra
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:33
  10. Importance of helix valgus lies in the psychological and social effect it could have on the patient. Our objective was to assess the impact of otoplasty on the quality of life of children with prominent ears a...

    Authors: Alicia Gómez Sánchez, Jesús Vicente Redondo Sedano, María Eunate Martí Carrera, Jose Manuel Caro Teller, Andrés Gómez Fraile and María Dolores Delgado Muñoz
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:32
  11. The occurrence of complete tubular colonic duplication is exceedingly rare. In most cases, resection of the duplicated colon may not be possible because of common blood supply with a single mesentery shared be...

    Authors: Rasem Keilani, Raed Al Taher, Ghayda‘ Bader, Leen Hajeer, Taima Bader and Balqis Alfreijat
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:31
  12. Management and treatment of condyloma acuminata in children are often challenging. The mode of transmission is not always traceable and a sexual abuse investigation should be considered. Treatment ranges from ...

    Authors: Ben Wroblewski, Fabiana Castro Porto Silva Lopes, William David Boothe and Lucia Z. Diaz
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:29
  13. Gastrointestinal (GI) tract bezoars are aggregates or concretions of inedible and undigested material mostly found in the stomach but can also be found elsewhere in the gastrointestinal tract. Trichobezoar, an...

    Authors: Shazia Jalil, Mohammed Azhar, Tarek Talaat Harb ElKadi, Khalid AlFaifi, Saad Al Hamidi, Moath Al Saiady, Abdelbasit E. Ali and Fazal N. Wahid
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:27
  14. The aim of this study is to compare outcomes for neonates and infants with Hirschsprung’s disease undergoing a laparoscopically assisted transanal pull-through (LAPT) with those undergoing a complete transanal...

    Authors: Tamer Fakhry, Ahmed Rabee, Magdy Lolah and Ahmed Nabil
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:28
  15. Torsion of the appendix testis (TAT) is considered the most common cause of acute scrotum in childhood. When clinical and ultrasound (US) findings agree with the diagnosis, after testicular torsion has been ex...

    Authors: Neil Di Salvo, Giovanni Parente, Dario Benivegna, Marco Di Mitri, Eduje Thomas and Mario Lima
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:25
  16. Long waiting time (WT) for elective surgery is a frequent and important issue in many countries. This study examined the factors affecting the WT for elective surgery in a paediatric surgery department in a te...

    Authors: Mahamoud Omid Ali Ada, Hellé Moustapha, Oumarou Habou, Inès Arlette Siewe Emaleu, Salahoudine Idrissa and Habibou Abarchi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:24
  17. Port-a-catheter insertion and removal are common procedures performed for children with chronic disease or cancer. Although its removal is usually straightforward, some difficulties during the procedure can be...

    Authors: Muhammed Younas Awan, Zahra Almatar, Mohammad Anas AlShawa and Saud Alshanafey
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:23
  18. Primary hepatic neoplasms in pediatric age are rare entities. Clinical and survival data in children with benign liver tumors who were treated by surgery are still negligible. We aimed to present a tertiary on...

    Authors: Alaa Younes, Ahmed Elgendy, Sayed Fadel, Habiba Elfandy, Marwa Romeih, Madeeha Elwakeel and Gehad Ahmed
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:22
  19. Y-type urethral duplication is a term frequently used to describe a rare condition in the male associated with double urinary stream: a weak interrupted urinary stream through a hypoplastic penile urethra, whi...

    Authors: Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid and Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:21
  20. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disrupted the delivery of elective surgery in children. We introduced guidance to mitigate this impact. By reviewing the outcomes for inguinal herniotomies, we aimed to ...

    Authors: Mahmoud Marei Marei, Ahmed Sobhy Hassan, Mohamed Kamel, Aiden Moore and Olugbenga Michael Aworanti
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:20
  21. Improved survival of neonates with esophageal atresia with/without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) has resulted in increased prevalence of gastro-esophageal and respiratory-related morbidities. However, lon...

    Authors: Jayne Chiang, Te-Lu Yap, Shaista Arif, Candy S. C. Choo, A. K. Pugalenthi, Biju Thomas, Anette S. Jacobsen and Lin Yin Ong
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:19
  22. Splenectomy is an established therapeutic intervention for benign haematological disorders (BHD) in children. Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become accepted as the preferred alternative to the open procedur...

    Authors: Mahmoud Mohamed Eid, Khalid Mohammad Elshimy, Akram Mohamed Elbatarny and Mohamed Fathy Metwally
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:18
  23. The most common inflammatory gastrointestinal disorder in newborn infants is necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Despite the multifactorial etiology of NEC, its pathogenesis is the same regardless of the etiology...

    Authors: Tülin Öztaş, Salim Bilici and Nilüfer Matur Okur
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:16
  24. Idiopathic pediatric artery aneurysm is extremely rare and sometimes behaves like a pelvic neoplasm. As it is associated with a high mortality while ruptured, the accurate diagnosis is indispensable to avoid l...

    Authors: Thipsumon Tangsiwong and Tipsuda Tangsriwong
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:14
  25. Retroperitoneal undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, highly aggressive mesenchymal tumors with limited available treatment options. Surgical resection ± chemoradiation remains standard of care. However, in uniq...

    Authors: Martha E. Teke, Jillian C. Jacobson, Kevin Mutore and Joseph T. Murphy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:12
  26. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is one of the rarest opportunistic fungal infections and has increased in frequency worldwide in recent years. It is a life-threatening infection associated with high mortality rate...

    Authors: Soumia Nachate, Mouad El Mouhtadi, Yousra Zouine, Mohamed Amine Haouane, Mohamed Amine Azami, Mohamed Oulad Saiad, Dounia Basraoui, Hicham Jalal, Houda Nassih, Rabiy Elqadiry, Aicha Bourrahouat, Imane Ait Sab and Awatif El Hakkouni
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:13
  27. Polyorchidism is a rare genetic anomaly characterized by the patient having more than two testicles. In the literature, only around two hundred cases have been reported. We present an unusual new case which do...

    Authors: Wissam Jamal Al Tamr, Kareem Omran, Rajebhosale Prashan and Agraw al Pooja
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:11
  28. Sex cord and stromal tumors are a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from gonadal sex cord cells, gonadal stromal cells, or both. They are divided into pure stromal tumors, pure sex cord tumors, and mixe...

    Authors: Amar Shah, Abdelilah Lahmar, Elina Momin, Shabbir Momin and Anirudh Shah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:10
  29. Congenital anterior urethral diverticulum (CAUD) is a rare condition in children. This condition can present at any age; however, it is more commonly identified in infants and older children. The patient may p...

    Authors: Rajat Piplani, Samir K. Acharya and Deepak Bagga
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:9
  30. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition in children. Complete fundoplication provides better reflux control but it results in more dysphagia and gas-bloat symptoms. Antireflux surgery with...

    Authors: Mostafa Ahmed Gad, Mohamad Mahmoud Qinawy, Osama Abdelazim, Sherif Nabhan Kaddah, Mohamed Magdy Elbarbary and Mahmoud Asem Elfiky
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:8
  31. Tracheostomy procedures are used to establish a surgical airway in patients when non-invasive methods fail to offer adequate support. In pediatric patients, this procedure is relatively rare, and data on patie...

    Authors: Jeffrey Schemm, David O’Neil Danis III, Daniel Howard, Erika Rodriguez, Kaylin Dong, Sherwin Fazelpour and Jessica R. Levi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:7
  32. Neonatal tumors account for a minority of prepubertal testicular tumors. Similarly, testicular torsion in the neonate within the intrauterine or postnatal period is a rare event with an estimated incidence of ...

    Authors: Ioana Fugaru, Joseph Moryousef, Van-Hung Nguyen and Mohamed El-Sherbiny
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:4
  33. The COVID-19 pandemic period suggests that the rate of complications may have increased in patients requiring surgical treatment due to the fact that they could not come to the hospital at the onset of the sym...

    Authors: Tülin Öztaş, Salim Bilici and Ahmet Dursun
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:3
  34. Transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) surgery is a new trend in the treatment of Hirschsprung disease, and evaluating its functional outcome is difficult. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the defeca...

    Authors: Hamidreza Foroutan, Farhad Homapour, Mohsen Dehghani, Hamid Reza Niazkar, Hoda Sufi and Behdad Zibaee
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:6
  35. Few studies have evaluated the efficacy of short-term medical missions. This study was aimed to evaluate complication rates and determine the effects of protocol changes in a pediatric inguinal hernia campaign...

    Authors: Jaime Rodríguez de Alarcón García, Amalia Úbeda Pascual, María Fanjul Gómez, Pablo Morató Robert, Rocío Espinosa Góngora, Ernesto Martínez García, Carlos Román Guerrero, Santiago Jaime Abaga Abaga and Carmen Soto Beauregard
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:5
  36. Persistent urogenital sinus is a rare cloacal anomaly in which the urinary and genital tracts cannot be differentiated during embryonic development. However, the presence of concomitant recto-urogenital sinus ...

    Authors: Hikmet Zeytun, Ahmet Demez and Bulent Hayri Ozokutan
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:2
  37. The incidence of inguinal hernia in the pediatric population is 0.8–4.4% with a male to female ratio of 5:1.The reported incidence of sliding hernia containing an ovary in female infants and children is 15–20%...

    Authors: Mrinal Arora, Noor Ullah Zargar and Anurag Krishna
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 19:1
  38. Nissen's description of fundoplication has proven seminal in our understanding of anti-GERD surgeries. This survey aimed to ascertain the perceptions of, and changes to, the Nissen's wrap design among the IPEG...

    Authors: Hamed M. Seleim, Basma Magdy and Amel Hashish
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2023 18:93
  39. The outcome and survival of children with both benign and malignant liver tumours, over a 47-year period was recorded at The National Paediatric Cancer Centre, Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital (OLCHC), Crumlin. ...

    Authors: Hind Zaidan, Hanan Said, Alan Mortell, Abdulrahman AlShafei, Finn Breatnach, Nigel Heaton and Martin T. Corbally
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:89
  40. Despite complete resection of mature ovarian teratoma, there remains a risk of metachronous contralateral disease with implications for further surgery and fertility. Current estimates of this risk are wide an...

    Authors: Tom Malik, Sahan Samaraweera, Charles Keys, Robert Wheeler, Juliet Gray and Nigel J. Hall
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:88
  41. The optimal strategy for the management of patients with severe symptomatic abdominal lymphatic malformation (ALM) complicated by abscess formation, protein-losing gastroenteropathy, and bleeding has not yet b...

    Authors: Hitoshi Ono, Shohei Honda, Hisayuki Miyagi, Masashi Minato, Momoko Ara, Takafumi Kondo, Kazuyoshi Okumura, Tadao Okada and Akinobu Taketomi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:92
  42. Deflux®, a dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer, is extensively used as an endoscopic bulking agent for management of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). The complications following Deflux® treatment as described in...

    Authors: Saket Davera, Anjan Dhua, Shipra Agarwal and Mohamed Sulaiman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:90
  43. Retrovesical cysts present with varying etiologies. We initiated this study to provide insights into retrovesical cysts in boys through a case series and systematic literature review and to aid in treatment al...

    Authors: Niklas Pakkasjärvi, Tiia Mönttinen, Lasse Hokkinen, Eija Mäkelä and Seppo Taskinen
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:87
  44. Various techniques are described to manage the rectourethral fistula during laparoscopic repair of anorectal malformation (LAARP). The fistula can be ligated with sutures, clips, staplers, or simply divided fl...

    Authors: Zahra Al Matar, Sabreen Maqbool, Habib Zakaria and Ali Alassiri
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:86

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