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Table 2 Various studies reporting clinical presentations and treatment approaches for treatment of prostatic utricle

From: Symptomatic prostatic utricle: various approaches for treatment

Observations Our series Hester and Kogan [2] Liu et al. [9] Ikoma et al. [13] Meisheri et al. [14]
No. of patients 7 31 22 14 6
Age Newborn–11 years 2.1 years mean 2 months–18 years 2–28 years 10 months–10 years
Presenting symptoms Recurrent UTI, epididymo-orchitis UTI, urinary obstruction, dysuria Pyuria, retention of urine, epididymo-orchitis, hematuria, cystic mass in pelvis, calculus formation, malignancy Recurrent UTI, post-void dribbling of urine Recurrent UTI, epididymo-orchitis, pyuria, one child had renal failure
Associated anomalies Severe hypospadias-6 Hypospadias-8, cryptorchidism-7 Unilateral renal agenesis, posterior urethral valve, VUR Severe hypospadias-14, also MGD in 6 Severe hypospadias-5
Investigations MCUG, USG, cystoscopy Cystoscopy, VCUG USG, cystoscopy, IVP, VCUG, RUG CT, and MRI MCUG MCUG, RUG, cystoscopy
Treatment approaches Cystoscopic fulguration, laparoscopic-assisted perineal excision, transperineal excision, trans abdominal excision Endoscopic fulguration and obliteration with tissue sealant, open excision Trans rectal USG-guided aspiration, endoscopic techniques, open excision, laparoscopic- and robotic-assisted excision Abdominal, abdomino perineal, transperineal and transvesical approaches for open excision Posterior sagittal approach, transvesical and combined posterior sagittal and abdominal approach for open excision
  1. Abbreviations: CT computerized tomography, IVP intravenous pyelogram, MCUG, micturating cystourethrogram, MGD mixed gonadal dysgenesis, MRI magnetic resonance imaging, RUG retrograde urethrogram, USG ultrasonography, UTI urinary tract infection, VCUG voiding cystourethrogram