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  1. Biliary calculus disease (BCD) is one of the most prevalent diseases and poses a significant burden to the health care system in adults. The prevalence of BCD in children and adolescents is about 0.1% and 0.6%...

    Authors: Rajashekar Addagatla, Vijay Kumar Kundal, Gali Divya, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Atul Kumar Meena, Aarushi Kemwal and Amita Sen
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:38
  2. Implantable vascular access devices (IVADs) provide durable routes for administering long-term treatments in patients. However, their associated complications pose a problem. One technique variation that can i...

    Authors: Saeed Al Hindi, Zahra Khalaf, Abigail K. L. Tan and Fayza Haider
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:37
  3. Müllerian anomaly is a congenital defect in the development of the female reproductive system that varies according to the stage of developmental failure resulting in agenesis, hypoplasia, or fusion defect in ...

    Authors: Ettedal A. Aljahdali, Leena I. Sharafuddin, Wejdan O. Baamer, Maram A. Enani and Fotoon S. Alzhrani
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:34
  4. Anorectal malformations associated with colonic duplications are a rare condition. Double terminations of tubular colonic duplication in the perineum are even rarer. Colonic duplication may have different pres...

    Authors: Rajat Piplani, Samir K. Acharya and Deepak Bagga
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:47
  5. The mortality rate of esophageal atresia (EA) has significantly improved, but late complications remain problematic. We evaluated the physical growth, late complications, and social prognosis of postoperative ...

    Authors: Ryuta Masuya, Mitsuru Muto, Koshiro Sugita, Masakazu Murakami, Keisuke Yano, Toshio Harumatsu, Shun Onishi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Makoto Matsukubo, Takafumi Kawano, Seiro Machigashira, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motofumi Torikai, Motoi Mukai, Tatsuru Kaji…
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:46
  6. The indications and benefits of anti-reflux surgery (ARS) in neonates and infants are uncertain. Prematurity, operation before 1 year of age, neurological impairment (NI), and chronic lung disease (CLD) are ri...

    Authors: Ibrahim A. Mostafa, Hamad A. Hader, Safwan A. Khan, Ahmed M. Hilal, Mohamed A. Gathradi and Ashraf H. M. Ibrahim
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:45
  7. Pneumoperitoneum is defined as the presence of free air in the peritoneal cavity. It is a surgical emergency that represents in 90% of the cases with a hollow viscus perforation and its feared consequences of ...

    Authors: Raed Al-Taher, Hanan Mansour, Mohammad Al-Qaisi, Ehab Hamdan, Baraa Danoun, Ali Shrouf, Mohammed Jumaah, Eman Badran and Manar Al-lawama
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:33
  8. The fetu in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare congenital condition characterized by a 2nd fetus that grows into the body of the healthy twin. Its thoracic location is more exceptional.

    Authors: Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Joseph Akodjènou, Gilles Modeste Alain Bognon, Simon Azandegbe Azonbakin, Romulus Takin, Jules Marouf Alao, Antoine Seraphin Gbenou, Armand Michel Fiogbe and Delphin Kuassi Mehinto
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:30
  9. Acute appendicitis and blunt abdominal trauma may co-exist, imposing a dilemma of whether there is only coincidence or there is a cause to effect relationship. The etiopathogenesis of this rare association rem...

    Authors: Y. Kerkeni, F. Thamri, A. Zouaoui, S. Houidi and R. Jouini
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:29
  10. Esophageal atresia (EA) is not a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually accompanied by tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Respiratory morbidities are experienced in most of the survivors. Although it was believe...

    Authors: Dina Hossam El Dine Hamed, Ayman Hussein, Basma Magdy, Mohamed Elseoudi, Mohamed M. Elbarbary and Ahmed M. K. Wishahy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:32
  11. Extracranial congenital skin defects, defined as aplasia cutis congenita (ACC), are a rare clinical entity. The form of presentation varies among patients according to the causal agent and the point during pre...

    Authors: Jesús Vicente Redondo Sedano, María Dolores Delgado Muñoz, Alicia Gómez Sánchez, Sara Monserrat Proaño Landazuri, María López Maestro, Jesús Rodríguez Calvo, Cecilia Castellano Yáñez, Andrés Gómez Fraile and María Eunate Marti Carrera
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:31
  12. To identify the current practices and priorities in Wilms’ tumor management for surgeons in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

    Authors: Megan Thuy Vu, Jaime Shalkow, Bindi Naik-Mathuria, Sajid S. Qureshi, Doruk Ozgediz, Kokila Lakhoo and Hafeez Abdelhafeez
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:28
  13. We aim to compare conventional 3-port with single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for oophorectomy in patients undergoing ovarian cryopreservation.

    Authors: Kiloran Metcalfe, Harmit Ghattaura, Ceri Elbourne, Khaled Ashour, Sheila Lane and Kokila Lakhoo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:24
  14. The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing especially in endemic countries. Spinal tuberculosis represents nearly the 50% of reported cases of skeletal tuberculosis. This is the youngest case of spinal tuberc...

    Authors: Ana Karen Leos-Leija, José Ramón Padilla-Medina, Pedro Martín Reyes-Fernández, Víctor M. Peña-Martínez, Fernando Félix Montes-Tapia and José I. Castillo-Bejarano
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:23
  15. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) is now widely recognized as a minimally invasive alternative for the surgical repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in paediatrics. In this work, we aim to evaluate ...

    Authors: Hany Emad Mohamed, Khaled Mohamed EL-Asmar, Tarek Ahmed Hassan, Ehab Abd El-Aziz EL-Shafei, Mohamed Hisham Soliman and Ayman Mostafa Allam
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:26
  16. Surgical management of high-type anorectal malformations (ARM) has evolved over the years with the widespread of the laparoscopic approach over the last two decades. This study aims to compare the outcome of p...

    Authors: Mohammad Anas AlShawa, Ahmed Al Wusaibie and Saud Al Shanafey
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:27
  17. Incisional hernia in children and infants represents a major complication following exploration. The condition is associated with prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and the need for another operation to tre...

    Authors: Mohammad Gharieb Khirallah, Osama Helmy Elkhadrawy, Nagi Ebrahim Eldessouki and Ahmed Elgendy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:20
  18. Cystic lymphangioma is a common congenital lymphatic malformation. The aim of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of doxycycline and bleomycin in the treatment of cystic hygroma.

    Authors: Ashfaque Nabi, K. M. N. Ferdous, Naila Atik Khan, Nazmul Hasan and M. Kabirul Islam
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:22
  19. Perforation of Meckel Diverticulum (MD) is a rare cause of pneumoperitoneum in neonates. We hereby report six cases of perforation of MD in neonates, with addition of 53 cases from systematic review of the lit...

    Authors: Naeem Liaqat, Anies Mahomed, Sajid Iqbal Nayyar, Nadeem Akhtar, Sajjad Ali and Naveed Haider
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:18
  20. Congenital hernia of umbilical cord is a rare congenital anomaly. Due to its presentation as herniation of small bowel or other viscera into the umbilical cord, it is often misdiagnosed as omphalocele minor.

    Authors: Chandrodaya Kumar, Md Mokarram Ali and Yogender Singh Kadian
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:17
  21. While sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a tumor originating from the tip of the sacrum, presacral tumors are accompanied by Currarino syndrome (CS) and classified as the Altman’s type IV sacrococcygeal tumors. ...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Sakurai, Masatoshi Hashimoto, Megumi Nakamura and Naobumi Endo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:19
  22. Oesophageal atresia is a congenital abnormality commonly encountered in neonates. Classification proposed by Gross is the most frequently used. It divides the oesophageal anomalies into five types. Type C—prox...

    Authors: Sello Machaea, Vuyo Nogela and Milind Chitnis
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:15
  23. This study aimed to describe our experience with three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography (3D-EAUS) in patients who underwent surgery for Hirschsprung disease and to summarize the relationship between postop...

    Authors: Kentaro Hayashi, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Tomoko Takahashi, Kanako Omata, Youhei Sanmoto, Yuta Hirata, Hiroshi Kawashima and Tadashi Iwanaka
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:14
  24. Jejunoileal atresia (JIA) among neonates is still a condition which has huge morbidity and mortality, particularly in the developing world. We share a case series of JIA in context of their presentation, manag...

    Authors: Muhammad Saleem, Naeem Liaqat, Jamal Butt, Imran Hashim, Asif Iqbal, Asim Raza and Atika Urooj
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:12
  25. An uncommon cause of appendicitis is the entrapment of ingested foreign objects in the appendix. Although a rare event, it could remain asymptomatic for a prolonged time. The presence of foreign bodies in the ...

    Authors: Haidar Alyaseen, Ashraf Alnosair, Mukhtar Alghanim, Ahmed Almusawi and Carlos Cordoba
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:11
  26. The minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in term of robot-assisted surgery changed in a dramatic way the surgical approach either in adults or children. For many specialties (urology, gynecology, general surgery) ...

    Authors: Rossella Angotti, Alessandro Raffaele, Francesco Molinaro, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Gabriele Lisi, Girolamo Mattioli, Daniele Alberti, Giovanni Boroni, Francesca Mariscoli, Ascanio Martino, Gloria Pelizzo, Michela Maffi, Mario Messina and Mario Lima
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:9
  27. Fetus in fetu is a rare congenital anomaly. Its incidence is 1/500,000 births. So, pediatric surgeons may encounter this pathology only once or twice during their professional careers.

    Authors: Mohammad Ahmad Alekrashy, Ahmed Refaat Khodary, Amr Abd Almohsen Alnemr, Ahmed A. Elsammak and Sherief M. Elgebaly
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:5
  28. Male circumcision is one of the oldest and most commonly performed surgical procedures in the world; in fact, one of every 3 males in the world is circumcised. Plastibell circumcision is the commonest procedur...

    Authors: Ali M. Ahmad, Sara Elfadil Ahmed, Noha Ali Mostafa and Turki Ibrahim Nafisah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:4
  29. Metabolic diseases have been associated with childhood obesity no longer restricted to adults as previously known. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) have been reported in children with morbid obesity. La...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Ahmed Abdelhaseeb Youssef and Mohamed Hisham Soliman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:3
  30. For infants with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) stabilized with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), early repair on ECMO improves outcome; however when compared to operative repair after ...

    Authors: Stephen M. Niemiec, Amanda E. Louiselle, Ryan Phillips, Sarah A. Hilton, Sarkis C. Derderian, Michael V. Zaretsky, Henry L. Galan, Nicholas Behrendt, John P. Kinsella, Kenneth W. Liechty and Jason Gien
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:1
  31. Polymastia or accessory breast is a congenital condition seen in 1% of the population at birth and in 2–6% of the female population. The most common presentation is in the pubertal age group when secondary sex...

    Authors: Akriti Tulsian, Syamantak Basu, Apoorva Makan, Vini Joseph, Suraj Gandhi, Neha Sisodiya Shenoy and Hemanshi Shah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:64
  32. Urinary incontinence is a major problem in operated exstrophy patients. Most of the repairs described in literature stress on the importance of dividing the intersymphyseal band (ISB) to place the bladder in t...

    Authors: Bharati K. Kulkarni, Nandita Saxena, Shyam S. Borwankar, Hemant N. Lahoti, Pooja Multani and Dipesh Goel
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:69
  33. Omental cysts are rare, predominantly occur in children, and often initially present with symptoms masquerading as other more common intra-abdominal pathologies. In this case report, we present the case of a c...

    Authors: Keenan J. Robbins, Ryan M. Antiel and Baddr A. Shakhsheer
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:62
  34. Macrocystic lymphatic malformation is a rare benign skin disorder, especially the anogenital area, which covers less than .5% of the reported cases. It can cause vesicular and papular lesions on the face, trun...

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Rodríguez-García, Cuauhtly Gallegos-Sierra, José Luis Villarreal-Salgado, Karla Jimenez-Pavon, Karen Morfin-Meza, Joel Ramos-Maciel, Diego Armando Fierro-Rodríguez, Enrique Romero-Algara, Pablo Bonilla-Catalán, Emmanuel Dorado-Hernández and Quitzia Libertad Torres-Salazar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:63
  35. Acute abdominal pain in nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a well-known clinical symptom and is mainly related to peritonitis. The presence, although rare, of red umbilicus may guide the diagnosis as a suggestive sign...

    Authors: Giovanni Conti, Nicolina Stefania Carucci, Valentina Comito, Pietro Impellizzeri, Carmela Visalli, Claudia Ventrici, Roberto Chimenz and Carmelo Romeo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:61
  36. Accurate diagnosis of lung lesions appearing on computed tomographic (CT) imaging in children with solid organ malignancies can be difficult. Therefore, this study aimed to determine, in a developing country s...

    Authors: Mark Wagener, Nasheeta Peer and Mahomed Hoosen Sheik-Gafoor
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:59
  37. Gastrointestinal duplications are uncommon occurring in 1 in 5000 live births. Small intestine is commonly involved, while appendicular duplications are extremely rare. Vitelline duct anomalies arise due to fa...

    Authors: S. Rajkiran Raju, A. R. Prasanna Kumar, A. M. Shubha and Julian Crasta
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:58