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  1. The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing especially in endemic countries. Spinal tuberculosis represents nearly the 50% of reported cases of skeletal tuberculosis. This is the youngest case of spinal tuberc...

    Authors: Ana Karen Leos-Leija, José Ramón Padilla-Medina, Pedro Martín Reyes-Fernández, Víctor M. Peña-Martínez, Fernando Félix Montes-Tapia and José I. Castillo-Bejarano
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:23
  2. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) is now widely recognized as a minimally invasive alternative for the surgical repair of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in paediatrics. In this work, we aim to evaluate ...

    Authors: Hany Emad Mohamed, Khaled Mohamed EL-Asmar, Tarek Ahmed Hassan, Ehab Abd El-Aziz EL-Shafei, Mohamed Hisham Soliman and Ayman Mostafa Allam
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:26
  3. Surgical management of high-type anorectal malformations (ARM) has evolved over the years with the widespread of the laparoscopic approach over the last two decades. This study aims to compare the outcome of p...

    Authors: Mohammad Anas AlShawa, Ahmed Al Wusaibie and Saud Al Shanafey
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:27
  4. Incisional hernia in children and infants represents a major complication following exploration. The condition is associated with prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and the need for another operation to tre...

    Authors: Mohammad Gharieb Khirallah, Osama Helmy Elkhadrawy, Nagi Ebrahim Eldessouki and Ahmed Elgendy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:20
  5. Cystic lymphangioma is a common congenital lymphatic malformation. The aim of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of doxycycline and bleomycin in the treatment of cystic hygroma.

    Authors: Ashfaque Nabi, K. M. N. Ferdous, Naila Atik Khan, Nazmul Hasan and M. Kabirul Islam
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:22
  6. Perforation of Meckel Diverticulum (MD) is a rare cause of pneumoperitoneum in neonates. We hereby report six cases of perforation of MD in neonates, with addition of 53 cases from systematic review of the lit...

    Authors: Naeem Liaqat, Anies Mahomed, Sajid Iqbal Nayyar, Nadeem Akhtar, Sajjad Ali and Naveed Haider
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:18
  7. Congenital hernia of umbilical cord is a rare congenital anomaly. Due to its presentation as herniation of small bowel or other viscera into the umbilical cord, it is often misdiagnosed as omphalocele minor.

    Authors: Chandrodaya Kumar, Md Mokarram Ali and Yogender Singh Kadian
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:17
  8. While sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a tumor originating from the tip of the sacrum, presacral tumors are accompanied by Currarino syndrome (CS) and classified as the Altman’s type IV sacrococcygeal tumors. ...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Sakurai, Masatoshi Hashimoto, Megumi Nakamura and Naobumi Endo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:19
  9. Oesophageal atresia is a congenital abnormality commonly encountered in neonates. Classification proposed by Gross is the most frequently used. It divides the oesophageal anomalies into five types. Type C—prox...

    Authors: Sello Machaea, Vuyo Nogela and Milind Chitnis
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:15
  10. This study aimed to describe our experience with three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography (3D-EAUS) in patients who underwent surgery for Hirschsprung disease and to summarize the relationship between postop...

    Authors: Kentaro Hayashi, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Tomoko Takahashi, Kanako Omata, Youhei Sanmoto, Yuta Hirata, Hiroshi Kawashima and Tadashi Iwanaka
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:14
  11. Jejunoileal atresia (JIA) among neonates is still a condition which has huge morbidity and mortality, particularly in the developing world. We share a case series of JIA in context of their presentation, manag...

    Authors: Muhammad Saleem, Naeem Liaqat, Jamal Butt, Imran Hashim, Asif Iqbal, Asim Raza and Atika Urooj
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:12
  12. An uncommon cause of appendicitis is the entrapment of ingested foreign objects in the appendix. Although a rare event, it could remain asymptomatic for a prolonged time. The presence of foreign bodies in the ...

    Authors: Haidar Alyaseen, Ashraf Alnosair, Mukhtar Alghanim, Ahmed Almusawi and Carlos Cordoba
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:11
  13. The minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in term of robot-assisted surgery changed in a dramatic way the surgical approach either in adults or children. For many specialties (urology, gynecology, general surgery) ...

    Authors: Rossella Angotti, Alessandro Raffaele, Francesco Molinaro, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Gabriele Lisi, Girolamo Mattioli, Daniele Alberti, Giovanni Boroni, Francesca Mariscoli, Ascanio Martino, Gloria Pelizzo, Michela Maffi, Mario Messina and Mario Lima
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:9
  14. Fetus in fetu is a rare congenital anomaly. Its incidence is 1/500,000 births. So, pediatric surgeons may encounter this pathology only once or twice during their professional careers.

    Authors: Mohammad Ahmad Alekrashy, Ahmed Refaat Khodary, Amr Abd Almohsen Alnemr, Ahmed A. Elsammak and Sherief M. Elgebaly
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:5
  15. Male circumcision is one of the oldest and most commonly performed surgical procedures in the world; in fact, one of every 3 males in the world is circumcised. Plastibell circumcision is the commonest procedur...

    Authors: Ali M. Ahmad, Sara Elfadil Ahmed, Noha Ali Mostafa and Turki Ibrahim Nafisah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:4
  16. Metabolic diseases have been associated with childhood obesity no longer restricted to adults as previously known. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) have been reported in children with morbid obesity. La...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Ahmed Abdelhaseeb Youssef and Mohamed Hisham Soliman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:3
  17. For infants with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) stabilized with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), early repair on ECMO improves outcome; however when compared to operative repair after ...

    Authors: Stephen M. Niemiec, Amanda E. Louiselle, Ryan Phillips, Sarah A. Hilton, Sarkis C. Derderian, Michael V. Zaretsky, Henry L. Galan, Nicholas Behrendt, John P. Kinsella, Kenneth W. Liechty and Jason Gien
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2022 18:1
  18. Polymastia or accessory breast is a congenital condition seen in 1% of the population at birth and in 2–6% of the female population. The most common presentation is in the pubertal age group when secondary sex...

    Authors: Akriti Tulsian, Syamantak Basu, Apoorva Makan, Vini Joseph, Suraj Gandhi, Neha Sisodiya Shenoy and Hemanshi Shah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:64
  19. Urinary incontinence is a major problem in operated exstrophy patients. Most of the repairs described in literature stress on the importance of dividing the intersymphyseal band (ISB) to place the bladder in t...

    Authors: Bharati K. Kulkarni, Nandita Saxena, Shyam S. Borwankar, Hemant N. Lahoti, Pooja Multani and Dipesh Goel
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:69
  20. Omental cysts are rare, predominantly occur in children, and often initially present with symptoms masquerading as other more common intra-abdominal pathologies. In this case report, we present the case of a c...

    Authors: Keenan J. Robbins, Ryan M. Antiel and Baddr A. Shakhsheer
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:62
  21. Macrocystic lymphatic malformation is a rare benign skin disorder, especially the anogenital area, which covers less than .5% of the reported cases. It can cause vesicular and papular lesions on the face, trun...

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Rodríguez-García, Cuauhtly Gallegos-Sierra, José Luis Villarreal-Salgado, Karla Jimenez-Pavon, Karen Morfin-Meza, Joel Ramos-Maciel, Diego Armando Fierro-Rodríguez, Enrique Romero-Algara, Pablo Bonilla-Catalán, Emmanuel Dorado-Hernández and Quitzia Libertad Torres-Salazar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:63
  22. Acute abdominal pain in nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a well-known clinical symptom and is mainly related to peritonitis. The presence, although rare, of red umbilicus may guide the diagnosis as a suggestive sign...

    Authors: Giovanni Conti, Nicolina Stefania Carucci, Valentina Comito, Pietro Impellizzeri, Carmela Visalli, Claudia Ventrici, Roberto Chimenz and Carmelo Romeo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:61
  23. Accurate diagnosis of lung lesions appearing on computed tomographic (CT) imaging in children with solid organ malignancies can be difficult. Therefore, this study aimed to determine, in a developing country s...

    Authors: Mark Wagener, Nasheeta Peer and Mahomed Hoosen Sheik-Gafoor
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:59
  24. Gastrointestinal duplications are uncommon occurring in 1 in 5000 live births. Small intestine is commonly involved, while appendicular duplications are extremely rare. Vitelline duct anomalies arise due to fa...

    Authors: S. Rajkiran Raju, A. R. Prasanna Kumar, A. M. Shubha and Julian Crasta
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:58
  25. Vasoepididymal anomalies are not rare among children with cryptorchidism. They may affect fertility following orchiopexy. Herein, we describe the cases of abnormalities of the vas deferens and epididymis in ch...

    Authors: Sarah Magdy Abdelmohsen, Mohamed Abdelkader Osman, Mohammed Hamada Takrouney, Mohamed El Debeiky, Ahmed Badawe G. Hassan, Mohamed Mahmoud Abd El-Aleem Shalaby and Mohamed A. Baky Fahmy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:55
  26. Lipoblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of embryonal fat affecting mainly children below 3 years of age. It presents usually as a painless rapidly growing soft lobular mass in the extremities, trunk, a...

    Authors: Alaa Ghallab, Mohamed Elmahmoud, Majed Alhadad, Khalil Albatniji, Ameen Alsaggaf, A. Gawad Elhendy, Alam Alshafi and Abdulwahab S. Aljubab
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:54
  27. Esophageal perforation is a rare surgical pathology in children. Thoracic esophageal perforation is more severe than cervical esophageal perforation. Iatrogenic cause, mainly by endoscopy, is the most common i...

    Authors: Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Antoine Séraphin Gbénou, Joseph Akodjènou, Aboudou Raïmi Kpossou, Bruno Noukpozoukou and Armand Michel Fiogbe
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:53
  28. Scientific conferences which are considered as an important event for dissemination of research and related academic activities were badly affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Virtual format for interaction ...

    Authors: Muhammad Haris Patel, Jamshed Akhtar, Syed Muhammad Raees Hussain Taqvi and Tayyaba Batool
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:67
  29. Sternal cleft is a quite rare malformation. It is seen 1 out of 100,000 live births and makes up less than 1% of all chest wall deformities, seen more often among females. The deformity can be partial or compl...

    Authors: Halil Ibrahim Tanriverdi, Fulya Doğaneroğlu, Abdülkadir Genç and Ömer Yılmaz
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:43
  30. Despite the enormous surgical advancements in the last century, access to the biliary system is lost when a Roux-en-Y (RY) biliary drainage procedure is performed. Attempts have been made to overcome this inco...

    Authors: Shamaman Harilal, Hansraj Mangray, Sanele Madziba and Fernando Ghimenton
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:52
  31. Mobile caecum along with malfixed small bowel mesentery in malrotation is incriminated to cause intussusception in children. This dual association is very rare and is labeled as Waugh’s syndrome. This is often...

    Authors: Aditya Arvind Manekar, Narahari Janjala, Subrat Kumar Sahoo, Bikasha Bihary Tripathy and Manoj Kumar Mohanty
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:46
  32. Malnutrition is a common finding after major abdominal surgeries especially after prolonged period of fasting in children. Enteral feeding is the commonest support way postoperatively for stimulating gut hormo...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Yasmin Gamal and Mohamed H. Soliman
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:41
  33. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is the most common type of renal stromal tumor in neonates. It is classified into cellular, classical, and mixed types. The multidisciplinary management approach is the ma...

    Authors: Ali Ihab, Al Otaibi Abdullah, Abduldaem Abdullah, Alonazi Mohammad and Nojoom Maha
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:45
  34. The Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) is a validated scoring system assessing children with abdominal pain. Prior to 2016, children with abdominal pain in our community hospital were evaluated primarily using...

    Authors: Frieda Hulka, Bryn Morris, Paige Elliott and Bogna Targonska
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:44
  35. Currarino syndrome is a rare congenital malformation having autosomal dominant inheritance. It comprises of anorectal malformation, presacral mass, and sacral vertebral defect occurring in variable proportion....

    Authors: Md Mokarram Ali, Ram Jeewan Singh, Rashi Rashi, Amit Kumar, Amit Kumar Sinha and Bindey Kumar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2021 17:40

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