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  1. Classifying anorectal anomalies (ARA) has always been a matter of debate among pediatric surgeons. A new classification does not necessarily imply discarding older ones. Several concepts have been introduced i...

    Authors: Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Sherif Elhussiny Ibrahim and Leila Rawash ElDieb
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:42
  2. Alimentary tract duplications are rare anomalies and any delay in the diagnosis may develop various complications. Infection, hemorrhage, or perforation of the duplication cyst may lead to an acute presentatio...

    Authors: Muhammad Bilal Mirza, Asim Shahzad, Nasir Mahmood, Ahmed Imran, Mahvish Hussain, Zafar Fayyaz and Nabila Talat
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:51
  3. Hydatid disease is relatively uncommon in children and thus rarely reported in literature. Pediatric patients with large hydatid cysts can have grave complications due to mass effect. Postoperative bile leak i...

    Authors: Saswati Behera, Monika Bawa, Ravi P. Kanojia, Ashwani Sood and Ram Samujh
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:43
  4. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series is the standard imaging tool for diagnosis of structural and functional abnormalities affecting the esophagus, stomach, and proximal small bowel. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Eman Ahmed Hamed, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Leila M. Rawash Eldieb and Mennatallah Hatem Shalaby
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:52
  5. Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only little attention. The incidence of symptomatic prostatic utricle has been reported but most cases are asymptomatic. The purpose of this study i...

    Authors: Manjiri S., Kush Luthra, Padmalatha S. K., Jeevak Shetty and Neehar Patil
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:50
  6. Lump or mass formation due to delayed presentation after appendicitis is common, and it is frequently complicated by perforation, gangrene, pus, or abscess formation. Care of patients and management vary betwe...

    Authors: M. A. Mushfiqur Rahman, Tanvir Kabir Chowdhury, Mohammad Zonaid Chowdhury and Md. Abdullah Al Farooq
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:39
  7. Although the outcome of hypospadias repair has much improved, repair of a small-sized phallus is still challenging. Whether preoperative hormonal therapy is beneficial remains controversial.

    Authors: Islam Mahmoud Wali, Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Nehal Ahmed Radwan, Mohamed Abdel Sattar GadAllah, Wael Ahmed Ghanem and Osama El-Naggar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:38
  8. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in many changes to clinical practice, including the introduction of remote clinics. Those familiar with remote clinics have reported benefits to their use, such as patient sa...

    Authors: A. M. Charnell, E. Hannon, D. Burke, M. R. Iredale and J. R. Sutcliffe
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:49
  9. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapeutic procedure for the management of several hematological diseases and malignancies in pediatric population. Central venous catheters (CVCs) play a pivotal role d...

    Authors: Ahmed Elgendy, Ahmed M. Ismail, Eslam Elhawary, Ahmed Badran and Mohammed Ramadan El-Shanshory
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:46
  10. Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the commonest congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract that occurs in 2% of general population. It remains asymptomatic, but it may lead to life-threatening complicati...

    Authors: Hisham A. Almetaher and Mohammed Awad Mansour
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:45
  11. Intussusception is the most common intestinal obstruction among infants and young children. Most of the pediatric cases are ileo-cecal, while jejuno-jejunal and ileo-ileal combined contribute only 2.5% of the ...

    Authors: Gilang Vigorous Akbar Eka Candy and Supangat Supangat
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:41
  12. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, benefits, and outcome of elective laparoscopic splenectomy for children younger than 5 years with sickle cell disease (SCD) who neede...

    Authors: Taha Alkhatrawi, Radi Elsherbini and Waheed Turkistani
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:35
  13. Different laparoscopic approaches for insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter (PDC) have been adopted. Most of these techniques require 2–3 ports. One port laparoscopic technique for PDC placement was intr...

    Authors: Nasir Bustangi and Mohammad Gharieb Khirallah
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:33
  14. Intestinal strictures are an extremely rare and life-threating complication in patients undergoing allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We describe the case of a child operated for mu...

    Authors: Agnieszka Sobkowiak-Sobierajska, Michał Błaszczyński, Przemysław Mańkowski and Jacek Wachowiak
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:37
  15. Delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an uncommon event. Occurrence of gastric volvulus with massive necrosis in this setting is unusual. In this difficult scenario, the surgeon is faced w...

    Authors: G. Krishna Kumar, U. Mallikarjun and D. Reshma
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:31
  16. Worldwide, infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has an incidence of 3 in 1000 livebirths, with an unknown etiology. Even when babies present with characteristic symptoms, it is often misdiagnosed leading to...

    Authors: Innocent Okello, Rovine Naluyimbazi, Alicia Massenga, Sarah Ullrich, Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, John Sekabira and Stella Nimanya
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:32
  17. The majority of amebic infections among humans remain asymptomatic. Rarely, the disease takes a fulminant acute course due to the development of necrotizing amebic colitis. This complication is usually found i...

    Authors: Samantha Kiriwaththuduwa, Romola Gnanapragasam, Anjalie Amarasinghe, Yugantha Adikari, Shanika Ranasinghe, Rumala Morel, Chanuka Dharmaratne and Lakmalee Bandara
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:28
  18. The assessment of a child having hypospadias with chordee/ventral curvature (VC) and meatal position that appears to be proximal/mid-penile can be challenging with regard to the choice of chordee correction an...

    Authors: Vivek Parameswara Sarma
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:26
  19. The diagnosis of posterior urethral valves (PUV) encompasses a vast spectrum of disease with variable severity and clinical features. It is vital to understand the extent of developmental insult and to define ...

    Authors: Vivek Parameswara Sarma
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:36
  20. Testicular ectopia is defined as a testis which is located away from the normal pathway of testicular descent and outside its ipsilateral hemiscrotum. Controversies have been raised about considering the abdom...

    Authors: Rabea Ahmed Gadelkareem, Ahmed Abdelhamid Shahat, Ahmed Reda, Ahmed Mohamed Moeen, Mohamed Farouk Abdelhafez, Mahmoud Farouk Abughanima, Osama Mansour, Nasreldin Mohammed, Mahmoud Mohammed Osman, Ahmed Abdelaziz Elderwy and Hisham Mokhtar Hammouda
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:27
  21. Umbilical hernia (UH) is one of the most common problems seen by paediatric surgeons. The recurrence rate after surgical repair is 1–2%. In this study, we examined the ring of umbilical hernia histologically t...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Mohamed AbdElrahman, Mohammed Elsherbeny and Hesham El-Safoury
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:22
  22. There is a lack of evidence on the surgical approach for children and adolescents undergoing cholecystectomy. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to compare the safety and efficacy of minimally inv...

    Authors: Daniel Steffens, Kathryn Wales, Clare Toms, David Yeo, Charbel Sandroussi and Ashish Jiwane
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:24
  23. Hyperhidrosis is an excess sweat secretion. Various modalities of treatment exist for hyperhidrosis. Although medical treatment is the first line of treatment, its long-term outcome is not satisfactory. In thi...

    Authors: Mohamed Saber Mostafa, Mohammed Elsherbeny, Ahmed Abdelbarr and Sameh Abdelhay
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:21
  24. Lymphatic sparing laparoscopic Palomo varicocelectomy is a safe and reliable technique for varicocele treatment in adolescents and children. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of lymphatic s...

    Authors: Abdelaziz Yehya, Mohamed Abdalrazek, Ibrahim Gamaan, Ahmed Fathy and Wael El Batal
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:16
  25. Neonatal gastro-intestinal perforation [NGIP] is one of the major problems in pediatric surgical practice. Although the outcomes of neonatal surgery have improved markedly over the past decade the mortality ra...

    Authors: Nezar Abd Elrouf Abo-Halawa, Mohamed Ahmed Negm and Mohamed Fathy
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:17
  26. Urachal anomalies (UAs) are rare in children; the most encountered are urachal cysts, urachal sinus, and urachal diverticulum. Other associated anomalies have been reported to include renal and abdominal wall ...

    Authors: Mohamad K. Abou Chaar, Tamador Al-Shamaileh and Mohammad M. Saleem
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:19
  27. Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is usually an isolated perforation occurring most commonly in the terminal ileum of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) and extreme low birth weight (ELBW) of un...

    Authors: Ashraf H. M. Ibrahim, Hamad A. Hader, Hatem Alsherbiny, Mahmoud R. A. Hussein and Safwan A. Khan
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:20
  28. The perineal canal is a rare variety of anorectal malformations, identified by different nomenclatures like H fistula, double termination of the alimentary canal, and anovestibular fistula. Various approaches ...

    Authors: S. Manjiri, Jeevak Shetty, S. K. Padmalatha, Kush Luthra and Neehar Patil
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:15
  29. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is the most common cause of ambiguous genitalia with an incidence of 1 in 15,000 live births. Surgical reconstruction for girls with CAH and urogenital sinus (UGS) is a gre...

    Authors: Ahmed Oshiba, Khaled Ashour, Ahmed Khairi, Sameh Shehata, Shaymaa ElSayed and Essam Elhalaby
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:13
  30. Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdomen in pediatrics. Although various criteria have been suggested in early diagnosis of appendicitis, these criteria are not as applicable for pediatric patients. Bec...

    Authors: Parisa Hajalioghli, Soroush Mostafavi and Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:12
  31. Amyand’s hernia (AH) is defined as protrusion of the vermiform appendix within the sac of the inguinal hernia and usually misdiagnosed as obstructed hernia. It is more common in pediatric patients but there ar...

    Authors: Hisham A. Almetaher, Mohammed A. Mansour and Mohamed A. Arafa
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:14
  32. Morgagni hernia (MH) is a rare diaphragmatic hernia with nonspecific symptoms and variable presentation. MH is managed surgically via laparotomy or a thoracotomy. Recently, laparoscopy was described for the re...

    Authors: Osama A. Bawazir, Anies Mahomed, Amira Fayyad, Elham Bagaryn, Abdullah Bawazir and Rahaf Mandora
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:11
  33. We sought to improve the care of pediatric patients with possible appendicitis by decreasing unnecessary CT scanning. In an early QI initiative, we systematically emphasized the superiority of Ultrasonography ...

    Authors: Sidney M. Johnson, Devin P. Puapong, Charles Peebles, Kelli Ishihara, Kenneth Bogenberger and Russell K. Woo
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:10
  34. Recto-perineal fistula is a common anorectal anomaly, affecting both males and females. The anus is abnormally anteriorly located and is usually stenotic. Management of recto-perineal fistula is a dialectic pr...

    Authors: Moustafa Mohamed Mahmoud Bayoumi, Ayman Mostafa Allam and Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:7
  35. Gastroschisis is onea of the major abdominal wall defects encountered commonly in pediatric surgery. Whereas complete reduction and abdominal closure is achieved easily sometimes, a daunting situation arises w...

    Authors: Philemon E. Okoro and Charles Ngaikedi
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:5
  36. Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is considered simple and effective, major complications have been reported because of the partly blind placement technique. Laparoscopic gastrostomy was descr...

    Authors: Hesham M. Sheir, Tamer A. Wafa, Abdelrahman Elshafey and Mohamed Elzohiri
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:6
  37. Persistent cloaca or cloacal anomalies represent a special category of anorectal anomalies affecting the female sex with a reported incidence of about one in 25,000 live birth.

    Authors: Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Ahmed Bassiouny Radwan, Mohamed Eldebeiky and Sameh Abdel Hay
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:3
  38. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has considered the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallstones. The “marionette” technique is a surgical technique for performing a safe, two-incision laparoscop...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Shehata, Abdelmotaleb E. Ebeid and Ashraf A. El Attar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:2
  39. Lymphatic malformations are rare benign cystic tumors that result from localized disordered embryologic development of the lymphatic system and can develop anywhere in the body, predominantly in the head and n...

    Authors: Moaied A. Hassan, Hasan K. Gatea and Thura K. Ja’afar
    Citation: Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2020 16:1

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